Heat Stress - Avoidance, Symptoms, and When to Call for Medical Help!
Every summer, incidents occur as a result of heat stress. Whether you are an employee or a student, it’s important to know the following when the temperature exceeds 85 degrees:
- Wear light colored-lightweight clothing, a hat, and use sunscreen.
- Drink plenty of water before and during activity (up to a quart an hour during heavy exertion).
- Avoid alcohol and caffeine.
- Take breaks in cool, breezy areas.
- Work at a steady pace – don’t overexert.
- Reduce activity, especially between 11:00 am to 4:00 pm.
- Be alert to signs of heat exhaustion and heat stroke...and get relief!
Act quickly if someone experiences the following symptoms:
- Appears pale or flushed;
- Sweating with moist, clammy skin;
- Feels weak, dizzy, nauseous or has a headache.
Move the person immediately to a cool place. Loosen clothing and place a cool compress on skin. Slowly drink large quantities of water. Elevate feet slightly.
Call for medical help immediately if someone has the following symptoms:
- High body temperature and rapid pulse;
- Hot, dry, reddish skin;
- Stops sweating;
- Becomes confused or delirious.
Move the victim immediately to a cool place until help comes. Fan the victim. Soak the victim’s clothing with water to lower body temperature. Don’t give fluids to someone who is unconscious.